Connecticut, one of the New England states of the United States and one of the original colonies. It is bordered by New York, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island and lies on Long Island Sound, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean. Except for a panhandle in the southwest, Connecticut is roughly rectangular in shape. After Rhode Island and Delaware, it is the smallest state in the nation, with an area of 5,544 square miles (14,358 km2).

Connecticut has beautiful wooded hills, quiet lakes, and lovely small towns with white church steeples rising above green commons. Other parts of the state are densely settled and highly industrialized.

ConnecticutConnecticut state bird - American robin
Connecticut in brief
General information
Statehood: Jan. 9, 1788, the fifth state.
State abbreviations: Conn. (traditional); CT (postal).
State capital: Hartford. New Haven and Hartford were twin capitals from 1701 to 1875, when Hartford became the only capital.
State motto: Qui Transtulit Sustinet (He Who Transplanted Still Sustains).
Popular name: The Constitution State.
State song: "Yankee Doodle." Composer unknown.
Symbols of Connecticut
State bird: Robin.
State flower: Mountain laurel.
State tree: White oak (Charter Oak).
State flag and seal: On the state flag, adopted in 1897, the three grapevines on the shield symbolize the colony brought from Europe and transplanted in the wilderness. The state motto beneath the shield, Qui Transtulit Sustinet, means He Who Transplanted Still Sustains. The present version of the state seal first appeared in 1784. The seal also bears three grapevines and the state motto.
Land and climate
Area: 5,006 mi2 (12,966 km2), including 161 mi2 (416 km2) of inland water but excluding 538 mi2 (1,392 sq. km) of coastal water.
Elevation: Highest--2,380 ft (725 m) above sea level, on the south slope of Mount Frissell. Lowest--sea level along the Long Island Sound shore.
Record high temperature: 106 °F (41 °C) at Danbury on July 15, 1995.
Record low temperature: –32 °F (–36 °C) at Falls Village on Feb. 16, 1943, and at Coventry on Jan. 22, 1961.
Average July temperature: 71 °F (22 °C).
Average January temperature: 26 °F (–3 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 47 in (119 cm).
Population: 3,405,565.
Rank among the states: 29th.
Density: 680 per mi2 (263 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 88 percent urban, 12 percent rural.
Largest cities in Connecticut: Bridgeport (139,529); New Haven (123,626); Hartford (121,578); Stamford (117,083); Waterbury (107,271); Norwalk (82,951).
Chief products
Agriculture: eggs, greenhouse and nursery products, milk.
Manufacturing: chemicals, computer and electronic products, fabricated metal products, machinery, processed foods, transportation equipment.
Mining: crushed stone, sand and gravel.
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 36; 2-year term.
State representatives: 151; 2-year term.
Towns: 169 (Towns, rather than counties, are the main units of local government in Connecticut.)
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 5.
Electoral votes: 7.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Commission on Culture and Tourism, Tourism Division, One Financial Plaza, 755 Main Street, Hartford, CT 06103. The Web site at also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Department of Economic and Community Development, Research Division, 505 Hudson Street, Hartford, CT 06106.
The state's official Web site at also provides a gateway to much information on Connecticut's economy, government, and history.