Cumberland, Maryland, the seat of Allegany County. It is on the North Branch of the Potomac River in the far western part of the state. Cumberland is a railroading center in a farming and coal-mining area and produces varied manufactured products. Two state parks and the Narrows, a picturesque gap in the Appalachians, are nearby.
Cumberland lies along a natural route through the Appalachians and evolved from Fort Cumberland, built in 1754. George Washington and Edward Braddock were among the commanders of the fort. The city was laid out in 1785. Cumberland grew as a transportation center; it was the eastern terminus of the Cumberland Road and the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.