Delaware, one of the eastern states of the United States. It is the second smallest state, only Rhode Island being smaller. Delaware is bounded inland by Pennsylvania and Maryland, and seaward by the Delaware River, Delaware Bay, and the Atlantic Ocean. Delaware has an area of 2,489 square miles (6,447 km 2 ). The state is separated from New Jersey by the Delaware River and Delaware Bay. Most of Delaware is on a peninsula—the Delmarva Peninsula, between Delaware and Chesapeake bays—which it shares with portions of Maryland and Virginia.

Delaware'sDelaware's state bird is the Blue hen chicken
Delaware in brief
General information
Statehood: Dec. 7, 1787, the first state.
State abbreviations: Del. (traditional); DE (postal).
State capital: Dover, the capital of Delaware since 1777. New Castle had been the capital since 1704.
State motto: Liberty and Independence.
Popular name: The First State.
State song: "Our Delaware." Words by George B. Hynson; music by William M. S. Brown.
Symbols of Delaware
State bird: Blue hen chicken.
State flower: Peach blossom.
State tree: American holly.
State flag and seal: The state flag of Delaware first appeared in its present form in 1913. It bears a shield with a sheaf of wheat, an ear of corn, and an ox, all of which symbolize agriculture. Above the shield is a sailing ship. A soldier and a farmer support the shield. "December 7, 1787" is the date Delaware became the first state. The state seal was adopted in 1777 and has the same design as the flag.
Land and climate
Area: 2,026 mi2 (5,246 km2), including 71 mi2 (184 km2) of inland water but excluding 371 mi2 (960 km2) of coastal water.
Coastline: 28 mi (45 km).
Elevation: Highest--448 ft. (137 m) above sea level on Ebright Road in New Castle County. Lowest--sea level along the coast.
Record high temperature: 110 °F (43 °C) at Millsboro on July 21, 1930.
Record low temperature: –17 °F (–27 °C) at Millsboro on Jan. 17, 1893.
Average July temperature: 76 °F (24 °C).
Average January temperature: 35 °F (2 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 45 in (114 cm).
People
Population: 783,600.
Rank among the states: 45th.
Density: 387 persons per mi2 (149 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 80 percent urban, 20 percent rural.
Largest cities in Delaware: Wilmington (72,664); Dover (32,135); Newark (28,547); Pike Creek (19,751); Bear (17,593); Brookside (14,806).
Economy
Chief products
Agriculture: broilers, corn, milk, soybeans.
Manufacturing: chemicals, food products, paper products, transportation equipment.
Mining: magnesium, sand and gravel.
Government
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 21; 4-year terms.
State representatives: 41; 2-year terms.
Counties: 3.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 1.
Electoral votes: 3.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Delaware Tourism Office, 99 Kings Highway, Dover, DE 19901. The Web site at http://www.visitdelaware.net also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Delaware Economic Development Office, 99 Kings Highway, Dover, DE 19901. The state's official Web site at http://www.delaware.gov also provides a gateway to much information on Delaware's economy, government, and history.