Durham, North Carolina, the seat of Durham County. It is 26 miles (42 km) northwest of Raleigh, the state capital. Until the 1970's, Durham's economy was based largely on the manufacture of tobacco products and of textiles. Since then, services, especially those related to health care, have displaced manufacturing in economic importance. Also economically important is Research Triangle Park, an area just south of the city, where some of the country's largest electronics companies have research-and-development laboratories.
Duke University and North Carolina Central University are here. There are also a school of fine arts and a conservatory.
Durham was settled in 1852, but remained a hamlet until the tobacco industry grew after the Civil War.