Flagstaff, Arizona, the seat of Coconino County, situated some 130 miles (210 km) north of Phoenix. It lies about 6,900 feet (2,100 m) above sea level on a plateau at the foot of the San Francisco Mountains. Flagstaff is northern Arizona's chief city and is an important sawmilling center for timber that is cut in the surrounding Ponderosa pine forests. Nearby are many scenic and recreation sites, including several national monuments, ski resorts, and national forests. Lowell Observatory and Northern Arizona University are both in Flagstaff. The first white settlement was made here in 1876.