Galesburg, Illinois, the seat of Knox County. It is in western Illinois 90 miles (145 km) northwest of Springfield. The city produces power mowers, household appliances, and fabricated steel. Galesburg is the seat of Knox College and birthplace of Carl Sandburg, poet and Lincoln biographer.
Galesburg was founded by a Presbyterian society in 1836 and incorporated as a town in 1841. The community became an important stop on the Underground Railroad, the secret network that aided runaway slaves. One of the Lincoln-Douglas debates took place here in 1858. Galesburg was incorporated as a city in 1871. It has the council-manager form of government.