Hawaii, a state of the United States. Hawaii is an archipelago of eight principal islands and numerous rocky islets, reefs, and shoals in the North Pacific Ocean. With its predominantly Asian and Polynesian heritage, Hawaii is quite unlike any other state. Its people, however, are much the same in outlook as those on the mainland.

The Hawaiian Islands cut across the Tropic of Cancer and stretch northwest-southeast for more than 1,600 miles (2,600 km). All the islands except Midway, near the chain's western extremity, are part of the state. Hawaii has an area of 10,932 square miles (28,313 km2), including 4,508 square miles (11,676 km2) of water. It is the 43rd largest state.

Like Alaska, Hawaii is widely separated from the rest of the United States. Honolulu, the capital and largest city, for example, lies about 2,400 miles (3,900 km) southwest of San Francisco, California, and 2,700 miles (4,300 km) south of Seward, Alaska.

Hawaii'sHawaii's state bird is the nene (Hawaiian goose).
Hawaii in brief
General information
Statehood: Aug. 21, 1959, the 50th state.
State abbreviation: HI (postal).
State capital: Honolulu, the capital of Hawaii since it became a state in 1959.
State motto: Ua Mau ke Ea o ka Aina i ka Pono (The Life of the Land Is Perpetuated in Righteousness).
Popular name: The Aloha State.
State song: "Hawaii Ponoi" ("Hawaii's Own"), words by King Kalakaua; music by Henry Berger.
Symbols of Hawaii
State bird: Nene (Hawaiian goose).
State flower: Yellow hibiscus.
State tree: Kukui.
State flag and seal: Hawaii's state flag, adopted in 1959, has eight horizontal stripes of alternating red, white, and blue that represent the eight major islands of Hawaii. In the upper left corner is the flag of the United Kingdom. The state seal, adopted in 1959, bears, in Hawaiian, the state motto, which translates: "The life of the lands is perpetuated in righteousness." The state coat of arms is in the center, with a figure of King Kamehameha I to the left and the Goddess of Liberty to the right.
Land and climate
Area: 6,459 mi2 (16,729 km2) including 36 mi2 (93 km2) of inland water.
Elevation: Highest--Mauna Kea, 13,796 ft (4,205 m) above sea level. Lowest--sea level along coast.
Coastline: 750 mi (1,207 km).
Record high temperature: 100 degrees F (38 degrees C) at Pahala on April 27, 1931.
Record low temperature: 12 degrees F (–11 degrees C) at Mauna Kea on May 17, 1979.
Average July temperature: 75 degrees F (24 degrees C).
Average January temperature: 68 degrees F (20 degrees C).
Average yearly precipitation: 110 in (279 cm).
People
Population: 1,211,537.
Rank among the states: 42nd.
Density: 188 persons per mi2 (72 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 91 percent urban, 9 percent rural.
Largest cities in Hawaii: Honolulu (371,657); Hilo (40,759); Kailua (36,513); Kaneohe (34,970); Waipahu (33,108); Pearl City (30,976).
Economy
Chief products
Agriculture: flowers, macadamia nuts, pineapples, sugar cane.
Manufacturing: concrete products, food products, petroleum products, printed materials.
Fishing industry: bigeye tuna, yellowfin tuna.
Government
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 25; 4-year terms.
State representatives: 51; 2-year terms.
Counties: 5.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 2.
Electoral votes: 4.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau, 2270 Kalakaua Avenue, Suite 801, Honolulu, HI 96815. The Web site at http://www.gohawaii.com also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism, 250 S. Hotel Street, 4th & 5th Floors, Honolulu, HI 96813.
The state's official Web site at http://www.hawaii.gov also provides a gateway to much information on Hawaii's economy, government, and history.