Indiana, one of the Midwestern states of the United States. It is bounded by the states of Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Illinois. Lake Michigan forms part of Indiana's northwestern border, the Ohio River all of the southern border. With an area of 36,420 square miles (94,328 km2), Indiana is the 38th largest state in the nation.

Indiana in brief
General information
Statehood: Dec. 11, 1816, the 19th state.
State abbreviations: Ind. (traditional); IN (postal).
State capital: Indianapolis, the capital of Indiana since 1825. Earlier capitals were Vincennes (1800-1813) and Corydon (1813-1824).
State motto: The Crossroads of America.
Popular name: The Hoosier State.
State song: "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away." Words and music by Paul Dresser.
Symbols of Indiana
State bird: Cardinal.
State flower: Peony.
State tree: Tulip-poplar (yellow-poplar).
State flag and seal: Indiana's state flag, adopted in 1917, has a torch that stands for liberty and enlightenment. The 19th and largest star above the torch represents Indiana, the 19th state. The state seal shows a pioneer scene. The sun behind the hills represents Indiana's historic position as a foothold in the westward movement. Between 1816 and 1963, there were more than 200 variations of the seal. The present seal was officially adopted in 1963.
Land and climate
Area: 36,185 mi2 (93,720 km2), including 315 mi2 (816 km2) of inland water but excluding 235 mi2 (608 km2) of Great Lakes water.
Elevation: Highest--1,257 ft (383 m) above sea level in Wayne County. Lowest--320 ft (98 m) above sea level in Posey County.
Record high temperature: 116 °F (47 °C) at Collegeville on July 14, 1936.
Record low temperature: –36 °F (–38 °C) at New Whiteland on Jan. 19, 1994.
Average July temperature: 75 °F (24 °C).
Average January temperature: 28 °F (–2 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 40 in (102 cm).
Population: 6,080,485.
Rank among the states: 14th.
Density: 168 persons per mi2 (65 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 71 percent urban, 29 percent rural.
Largest cities in Indiana: Indianapolis (791,926); Fort Wayne (205,727); Evansville (121,582); South Bend (107,789); Gary (102,746); Hammond (83,048).
Chief products
Agriculture: beef cattle, corn, eggs, hogs, milk, soybeans, turkeys.
Manufacturing: chemicals, fabricated metal products, primary metals, processed foods and beverages, transportation equipment.
Mining: coal, crude oil, limestone, sand and gravel.
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 50; 4-year terms.
State representatives: 100; 2-year terms.
Counties: 92.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 9.
Electoral votes: 11.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Indiana Office of Tourism Development, One N. Capitol Avenue, Suite 100, Indianapolis, IN 46204. The Web site at also provides information. The Department of Commerce also handles requests for information about the state's economy.
The state's official Web site at also provides a gateway to much information on Indiana's economy, government, and history.