Iowa City, Iowa, the seat of Johnson County. It is on the Iowa River in the east-central part of the state. The University of Iowa, opened in 1855, is the city's leading employer. Iowa City is also the commercial center of a highly productive agricultural area and has light manufacturing industries. The city has the council-manager form of government.
Founded in 1839 as the capital of the Territory of Iowa, Iowa City became the state capital in 1846. The old capitol has housed university offices since Des Moines became the capital in 1857. Plum Grove, the home of the territory's first governor, Robert Lucas, has been preserved. Nearby, at West Long Branch, are the boyhood home, grave, and presidential library of Herbert Hoover.