Jersey City, New Jersey, the state's second-largest city and the seat of Hudson County. Jersey City is on a peninsula, with the Hudson River and Upper New York Bay to the east, and the Hackensack River and Newark Bay to the west. Directly across the Hudson is New York City.
Jersey City is primarily a transportation and distribution center and a manufacturing city. Its port is a division of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Oceangoing ships and coastal vessels dock along the city's 11 miles (18 km) of waterfront. Jersey City has extensive railway trackage and is the terminus of many transcontinental trucking lines. It is linked to New York City by the Holland Tunnel and the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) rapid transit system. Jersey City is an important wholesale and distributing center. Products manufactured here vary from household and personal items to heavy industrial goods. St. Peter's College and Jersey City State College are here. Also here is Liberty State Park, which has nature trails and a science museum.
In 1630, Michael Pauw, burgomaster of Amsterdam, Holland, bought land from the Delaware Indians on the west bank of the Hudson River. It was called Paulus Hook, and settlement began in 1633. The English drove out the Dutch in 1664 and renamed the settlement Jersey City. During the American Revolution, the town was occupied by British troops, 1776–79. It was incorporated as the City of Jersey in 1820. It expanded by annexation several times. Frank Hague dominated city politics as mayor, 1917–47. In 1991 Mayor Gerald McCann was convicted of corruption and forced out of office.