Juneau, Alaska, the state capital and the state's largest city. It lies on the Gastineau Channel at the base of the Coast Mountains on Alaska's southeast coast. Federal government and state government—along with fishing, lumber milling, and tourism—provide the basis of the economy. Ships that ply the Inside Passage and several airlines serve the city. The Alaska State Museum, with Indian and Eskimo artifacts, is one of Juneau's chief attractions. Mendenhall Glacier is nearby.
Juneau was settled in 1880, soon after Richard Harris and Joe Juneau made a gold strike nearby. It was incorporated and made the seat of Alaska's administration in 1900. Juneau has the council-manager form of government.