Lexington, Kentucky, the seat of Fayette County. It is in east-central Kentucky in the heart of the Bluegrass region. Many of the finest Thoroughbred horses in the world are raised on farms near Lexington. The city is an important market for burley tobacco, livestock, and grass seed, and it produces a wide variety of manufactured products.
Ashland, the home of Henry Clay, is in Lexington, as is the childhood home of Mary Todd Lincoln. The Kentucky Horse Park, with exhibits pertaining to horses, is one of the city's main attractions. The University of Kentucky, opened in 1866, is Lexington's chief employer. Transylvania University (1783) is the oldest institution of higher learning west of the Allegheny Mountains.
Lexington was named by a group of hunters who were encamped here when they heard the news of the Battle of Lexington, 1775. The site was permanently settled in 1779, chartered in 1782, and incorporated as a city in 1832. The first state legislature met here in 1792. Lexington and Fayette County merged in 1974.