Maine, one of the New England states of the United States. It is bounded on the north by the Canadian provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick, on the east by New Brunswick, on the south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the southwest and west by New Hampshire, and on the northwest by Quebec. West Quoddy Head, a peninsula near the New Brunswick border, is the easternmost point of the United States. Among the states Maine ranks 39th in area with 35,387 square miles (91,653 km 2), including 4,523 square miles (11,714 km 2) of inland water.

Maine'sMaine's state bird is the chickadee.
Maine in brief
General information
Statehood: March 15, 1820, the 23rd state.
State abbreviations: Me. (traditional); ME (postal).
State capital: Augusta, Maine's capital since 1832. Portland served as capital from 1820 to 1832.
State motto: Dirigo (I Direct or I Guide).
Popular name: The Pine Tree State.
State song: "State of Maine Song." Words and music by Roger Vinton Snow.
Symbols of Maine
State bird: Chickadee.
State flower: White pine cone and tassel.
State tree: White pine.
State flag and seal: Maine's state flag, adopted in 1909, has the state seal on a blue background. The state seal, adopted in 1820, has a farmer with a scythe that represents agriculture. A seaman leaning on an anchor stands for commerce and fishing. These figures support a shield that displays a pine tree and a moose. The pine represents Maine's forests, and the moose symbolizes the state's undisturbed wildlife areas. At the top, the North Star represents Maine's northern location.
Land and climate
Area: 33,128 mi2 (85,801 km2), including 2,263 mi2 (5,862 km2) of inland water but excluding 613 mi2 (1,587 km2) of coastal water.
Elevation: Highest--Mount Katahdin, 5,267 ft (1,606 m) above sea level. Lowest--sea level along the coast.
Coastline: 228 mi (367 km).
Record high temperature: 105 degrees F (41 degrees C) at North Bridgton on July 10, 1911.
Record low temperature: –48 degrees F (–44 degrees C) at Van Buren on Jan. 19, 1925.
Average July temperature: 67 degrees F (19 degrees C).
Average January temperature: 15 degrees F (–9 degrees C).
Average yearly precipitation: 41 in. (104 cm).
Population: 1,274,923.
Rank among the states: 40th.
Density: 38 per mi2 (15 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 60 percent rural, 40 percent urban.
Largest cities in Maine: Portland (64,249); Lewiston (35,690); Bangor (31,473); South Portland (23,324); Auburn (23,203); Brunswick (21,172).
Chief products
Agriculture: eggs, milk, potatoes.
Fishing industry: clams, crabs, lobsters.
Manufacturing: computer and electronic products, fabricated metal products, food products, leather products, paper products, transportation equipment, wood products.
Mining: sand and gravel.
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 35; 2-year terms.
State representatives: 151; 2-year terms.
Counties: 16.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 2.
Electoral votes: 4.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Maine Office of Tourism, 59 State House Station, Augusta, ME 04335. The Web site at also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Maine Department of Economic and Community Development, 59 State House Station, Augusta, ME 04333. The state's official Web site at also provides a gateway to much information on Maine's economy, government, and history.