Maryland, one of the eastern states of the United States. It is bounded by Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, the District of Columbia, and West Virginia. Chesapeake Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, penetrates deeply into eastern Maryland.

Among states Maryland ranks 42nd in size with an area of 12,407 square miles (32,135 km 2). There are 31 miles (50 km) of general coastline along the Atlantic. Counting all islands, tidal bays, and inlets, the shoreline measures 3,190 miles (5,134 km).

Maryland'sMaryland's state bird is the Baltimore oriole.
Maryland in brief
General information
Statehood: April 28, 1788, the seventh state.
State abbreviations: Md. (traditional); MD (postal).
State capital: Annapolis, Maryland's capital since 1694. St. Marys City (now St. Mary's City) was the capital from 1634 to 1694.
State motto: Fatti Maschii Parole Femine (Strong Deeds, Gentle Words), Italian motto of the Calvert family.
Popular name: The Old Line State.
State song: "Maryland, My Maryland," sung to the music of "O, Tannenbaum." Words by James Ryder Randall.
Symbols of Maryland
State bird: Baltimore oriole.
State flower: Black-eyed Susan.
State tree: White oak.
State flag and seal: Maryland's flag, adopted in 1904, bears the coat of arms of two families related to Lord Baltimore—the Calverts and the Crosslands. The black-and-gold quarters in the upper left and bottom right are the Calverts' arms. The red-and-white quarters in the bottom left and top right represent the Crosslands. The state seal was adopted in 1876. The front shows Lord Baltimore as a knight. On the back, the farmer symbolizes Maryland. The fisherman represents Lord Baltimore's Newfoundland colony.
Land and climate
Area: 10,455 mi2 (27,077 km2), including 680 mi2 (1,761 km2) of inland water but excluding 1,842 mi2 (4,771 km2) of coastal water.
Elevation: Highest—Backbone Mountain, 3,360 ft (1,024 m) above sea level. Lowest—sea level along the coast.
Coastline: 31 mi (49 km); including Chesapeake Bay, Potomac River, and other rivers, 3,190 mi (5,134 km).
Record high temperature: 109 °F (43 degrees C) in Keedysville on Aug. 6, 1918, and at Cumberland and Frederick on July 10, 1936.
Record low temperature: –40 °F (–40 °C) at Oakland on Jan. 13, 1912.
Average July temperature: 75 °F (24 °C).
Average January temperature: 33 °F (1 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 43 in (109 cm).
Population: 5,296,486.
Rank among the states: 19th.
Density: 507 per mi2 (196 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 86 percent urban, 14 percent rural.
Largest cities in Maryland: Baltimore (651,154); Columbia (88,254); Silver Spring (76,540); Dundalk (62,306); Wheaton-Glenmont (57,694); Ellicott City (56,397).
Chief products
Agriculture: broilers, corn, greenhouse and nursery products, milk, soybeans, vegetables.
Manufacturing: chemicals, computer and electronic products, fabricated metal products, food products, machinery, printed materials, transportation equipment.
Mining: cement, crushed stone, sand and gravel.
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 47; 4-year terms.
State delegates: 141; 4-year terms.
Counties: 23; Baltimore city is not part of any county.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 8.
Electoral votes: 10.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Department of Business and Economic Development, Office of Tourism Development, 217 E. Redwood Street, 9th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21202. The Web site at also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Department of Business and Economic Development, Division of Business Development, 217 E. Redwood Street, 12th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21202. The state's official Web site at also provides a gateway to much information on Maryland's economy, government, and history.