Michigan, one of the East North Central states of the United States. It is bounded on the north by Lake Superior and the province of Ontario; on the east by Ontario, Lake Huron, Lake St. Clair, and Lake Erie; on the south by Ohio and Indiana; and on the west by Lake Michigan and Wisconsin. Michigan is the only state touching on four of the five Great Lakes.

Michigan consists of two large peninsulas: Upper Michigan in the north and mitten-shaped Lower Michigan in the south. At their closest point, they lie about four miles (6.4 km) apart and are separated by the Straits of Mackinac. Except for Hawaii, which is a chain of islands, Michigan is the only state divided into major parts by large bodies of water.

Michigan ranks 11th in size among the states. It has an area of 96,810 square miles (250,738 km 2), including 40,001 square miles (103,603 km 2)of inland water. The lower peninsula forms roughly two-thirds of the total land area. Maximum length and width of the lower peninsula are 280 miles and 195 miles (451 and 314 km), respectively; of the upper, 215 and 120 miles (346 and 193 km).

Michigan'sMichigan's state bird is the robin.
Michigan in brief
General information
Statehood: Jan. 26, 1837, the 26th state.
State abbreviations: Mich. (traditional); MI (postal).
State capital: Lansing, Michigan's capital since 1847. Detroit served as capital from 1837 to 1847.
State motto: Si Quaeris Peninsulam Amoenam, Circumspice (If You Seek a Pleasant Peninsula, Look About You).
Popular name: The Wolverine State.
State song (unofficial): "Michigan, My Michigan." Words by Douglas M. Malloch.
Symbols of Michigan
State bird: Robin.
State flower: Apple blossom.
State tree: White pine.
State flag and seal: Michigan's state flag, adopted in 1911, bears a version of the state seal on a blue background. The state seal was adopted in 1835. A bald eagle holds an olive branch and arrows. An elk and a moose support a shield with the Latin word Tuebor, which means I Will Defend. The state’s motto appears across the bottom of the seal. The Latin words Si Quaeris Peninsulam Amoenam, Circumspice mean If You Seek a Pleasant Peninsula, Look About You.
Land and climate
Area: 58,513 mi2 (151,548 km2), including 1,704 mi2. (4,412 km2) of inland water but excluding 38,192 mi2 (98,917 km2) of Great Lakes water.
Elevation: Highest—Mount Arvon, 1,979 ft (603 m) above sea level. Lowest—571 ft (174 m) above sea level along Lake Erie.
Record high temperature: 112 °F (44 °C) at Mio on July 13, 1936.
Record low temperature: –51 °F (–46 °C) at Vanderbilt on Feb. 9, 1934.
Average July temperature: 69 °F (21 °C).
Average January temperature: 20 °F (–7 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 32 in (81 cm).
People
Population: 9,938,444.
Rank among the states: 8th.
Population density: 170 per mi2. (66 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 75 percent urban, 25 percent rural.
Largest cities in Michigan: Detroit (951,270); Grand Rapids (197,800); Warren (138,247); Flint (124,943); Sterling Heights (124,471); Lansing (119,128).
Economy
Chief products
Agriculture: apples, beef cattle, blueberries, corn, greenhouse and nursery products, hogs, milk, soybeans, wheat.
Manufacturing: fabricated metal products, food products, machinery, plastics and rubber products, transportation equipment.
Mining: iron ore, natural gas, petroleum, portland cement.
Government
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 38; 4-year terms.
State representatives: 110; 2-year terms.
Counties: 83.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 15.
Electoral votes: 17.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Travel Michigan, 300 N. Washington Square, 2nd Floor, Lansing, MI 48913. The Web site at http://www.michigan.gov also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Library of Michigan, Public Services, 717 W. Allegan Street, P.O. Box 30007, Lansing, MI 48909-7507.
The state's official Web site at http://www.state.mi.us also provides a gateway to much information on Michigan's economy, government, and history.