Minnesota, one of the Midwestern states of the United States. Minnesota is the most westerly Great Lakes state and is bordered by Wisconsin, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba. In the Northwest Angle, which projects above the 49th parallel into Canada, is the most northerly point of the 48 contiguous states.

Minnesota'sMinnesota's state bird is the common loon.
Minnesota in brief
General information
Statehood: May 11, 1858, the 32nd state.
State abbreviations: Minn. (traditional); MN (postal).
State capital: St. Paul, the capital of Minnesota since it became a territory in 1849.
State motto: L' Etoile du Nord (The Star of the North).
Popular name: The Gopher State.
State song: "Hail! Minnesota." Words by Truman E. Rickard and Arthur E. Upson; music by Truman E. Rickard.
Symbols of Minnesota
State bird: Loon.
State flower: Pink and white lady's-slipper.
State tree: Norway pine.
State flag and seal: Minnesota's state flag, adopted in 1957, bears a version of the state seal on a blue background. The dates 1819, 1858, and 1893 indicate, respectively, the year of Minnesota's first settlement, the year of statehood, and the year the original flag was adopted. Both the flag and seal were altered slightly in 1983. The state seal was first adopted in 1861. A man plowing symbolizes agriculture, and a stump stands for the lumber industry, both important parts of the state's history. An Indian represents Minnesota's Indian heritage.
Land and climate
Area: 84,397 mi2 (218,587 km2), including 4,780 mi2 (12,381 km2) of inland water but excluding 2,546 mi2 (6,594 km2) of Great Lakes water.
Elevation: Highest--Eagle Mountain, 2,301 ft (701 m) above sea level. Lowest--602 ft (83 m) above sea level along Lake Superior.
Record high temperature: 114 degrees F (46 degrees C) at Moorhead on July 6, 1936, and at Beardsley on July 29, 1917.
Record low temperature: –60 degrees F (–51 degrees C) at Tower on Feb. 2, 1996.
Average July temperature: 70 degrees F (21 degrees C).
Average January temperature: 8 degrees F (–13 degrees C).
Average yearly precipitation: 26 in (66 cm).
People
Population: 4,919,479.
Rank among the states: 21st.
Density: 58 persons per mi2 (23 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 71 percent urban, 29 percent rural.
Largest cities in Minnesota: Minneapolis (382,618); St. Paul (287,151); Duluth (86,918); Rochester (85,806); Bloomington (85,172); Brooklyn Park (67,388).
Economy
Chief products
Agriculture: beef cattle, corn, hogs, milk, soybeans.
Manufacturing: computer and electronic products, fabricated metal products, food products, machinery, paper products, printed materials, refined petroleum, transportation equipment.
Mining: granite, iron ore.
Government
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 67; mostly 4-year terms, some 2–year terms for reapportionment.
State representatives: 134; 2-year terms.
Counties: 87.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 8.
Electoral votes: 10.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Explore Minnesota Tourism, 100 Metro Square, 121 7th Place E., St. Paul, MN 55101-2146. The web site at http://www.exploreminnesota.com also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Department of Employment and Economic Development, 390 N. Robert Street, St. Paul, MN 55101.
The state's official Web site at http://www.state.mn.us also provides a gateway to much information on Minnesota's economy, government, and history.