Montana, one of the Mountain states of the United States. It is bounded on the north by the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan; on the east by North and South Dakota; on the south by Wyoming and Idaho; and on the west by Idaho.

Montana is the fourth largest state (after Alaska, Texas, and California). Montana has a total area of 147,046 square miles (380,850 km 2).

Montana'sMontana's state bird is the western meadowlark.
Montana in brief
General information
Statehood: Nov. 8, 1889, the 41st state.
State abbreviations: Mont. (traditional); MT (postal).
State capital: Helena, Montana's capital since 1875. Earlier capitals were Bannack (1864-1865) and Virginia City (1865-1875).
State motto: Oro y Plata (Gold and Silver).
Popular name: The Treasure State.
State song: "Montana." Words by Charles C. Cohen; music by Joseph E. Howard.
Symbols of Montana
State bird: Western meadowlark.
State flower: Bitterroot.
State tree: Ponderosa pine.
State flag and seal: Montana's state flag, adopted in 1905, has a version of the state seal on a blue background. The word Montana was added to the flag in 1981. On the state seal, adopted in 1893, the mountains and the Great Falls of the Missouri River symbolize Montana's vast natural resources. The plow stands for agriculture, and the pick and shovel represent mining. The state motto is on a ribbon.
Land and climate
Area: 147,047 mi2 (380,849 km2), including 1,490 mi2 (3,859 km2) of inland water.
Elevation: Highest--Granite Peak, 12,799 ft (3,901 m) above sea level. Lowest--1,800 ft. (549 m) above sea level along the Kootenai River in Lincoln County.
Record high temperature: 117 °F (47 °C) at Glendive on July 20, 1893, and at Medicine Lake on July 5, 1937.
Record low temperature: –70 °F (–57 °C) at Rogers Pass on Jan. 20, 1954.
Average July temperature: 68 °F (20 °C).
Average January temperature: 18 °F (–8 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 15 in (38 cm).
Population: 902,195.
Rank among the states: 44th.
Density: 6 per mi2 (2 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 54 percent urban, 46 percent rural.
Largest cities in Montana: Billings (89,847); Missoula (57,053); Great Falls (56,690); Butte (34,606); Bozeman (27,509); Helena (25,780).
Chief products
Agriculture: barley, beef cattle, hay, milk, sugar beets, wheat.
Manufacturing: food products, machinery, refined petroleum, wood products.
Mining: coal, copper, gold, natural gas, palladium, petroleum, platinum.
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 50; 4-year terms.
State representatives: 100; 2-year terms.
Counties: 56.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 1.
Electoral votes: 3.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Department of Commerce, Travel Montana, 301 S. Park Avenue, P.O. Box 200533, Helena, MT 59620. The Web site at also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Department of Commerce, Census and Economic Information Center, 301 S. Park Avenue, P. O. Box 200505, Helena, MT 59620. The state's official Web site at also provides a gateway to much information on Montana's economy, government, and history.