Monterey, California, a city in Monterey County. It is on Monterey Bay, about 80 miles (130 km) south-southeast of San Francisco. Tourism is the mainstay of the economy. The fish canneries that once were the city's main source of employment have been converted into restaurants, shops, and art galleries. Monterey Bay Aquarium is one of the largest aquariums in the nation. The Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey Peninsula College, and Monterey Institute of International Studies are here. The scenic Seventeen Mile Drive along the coast connects Monterey and Carmel.
Monterey grew around a presidio (military post) established by the Spaniards in 1770. In 1777 Spain made the settlement the capital of Alta California. Mexico ruled the city from 1822 until 1846, when it was seized by United States naval forces during the Mexican War.