Montgomery, Alabama, the state capital and the seat of Montgomery County. It lies on the Alabama River, 85 miles (137 km) south-southeast of Birmingham.
Montgomery is an important marketing and manufacturing center. Its cattle market is the largest in the southeast, and its lumber and cotton markets are significant. Manufactured goods include fertilizer, textiles, and furniture. Nearby Maxwell and Gunter air force bases also contribute to the local economy.
In the city are the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts; the Civil Rights Memorial, a black granite monument dedicated to those who gave their lives in the struggle for racial equality; and numerous historic buildings, including the Confederacy's first capitol and its first White House—the residence of Jefferson Davis. Alabama State University and Huntingdon College are here. The annual Blue and Gray Football Classic is played in Cramton Bowl.
Hernando De Soto visited an Indian village on the present site of Montgomery in 1540. The small town of New Philadelphia, settled in 1817, and two neighboring towns consolidated in 1819 to form the city of Montgomery, named for Revolutionary Warhero General Richard Montgomery. The city was incorporated in 1837 and chosen state capital in 1846. It was the capital of the Confederacy for part of 1861, when delegates from the seceding states met here to adopt a constitution.
The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., began his work as a civil rights leader in Montgomery in 1955–56, when he organized a boycott that led to the end of segregated seating on public buses.
(picture of capitol).