Nevada, a state in the western United States. It is bounded on the north by Oregon and Idaho, on the east by Utah and Arizona, and on the south and west by California.

With an area of 110,567 square miles (286,368 km 2), including 761 square miles (1,971 km 2) of inland water, Nevada is the seventh largest state. Its greatest dimensions are about 490 miles (790 km), north-south; and 320 miles (515 km), east-west.

Nevada'sNevada's state bird is the mountain bluebird.
Nevada in brief
General information
Statehood: Oct. 31, 1864, the 36th state.
State abbreviations: Nev. (traditional); NV (postal).
State capital: Carson City, Nevada's capital since the Nevada Territory was created in 1861.
State motto: All for Our Country.
Popular name: The Silver State.
State song: "Home Means Nevada." Words and music by Bertha Raffetto.
Symbols of Nevada
State bird: Mountain bluebird.
State flower: Sagebrush.
State trees: Nevada has two state trees--the bristlecone pine and the single-leaf pinon.
State flag and seal: Nevada's state flag, adopted in 1929, bears a silver star. The words Battle Born signify Nevada's admission to the Union during the Civil War. On the state seal, adopted in 1866, a railroad and a telegraph line symbolize Nevada's importance as a corridor between the Midwest and the West Coast. A tunnel, an ore cart, and an ore-crushing mill stand for the state's mineral wealth. A plow, a sickle, and a sheaf of wheat represent agriculture.
Land and climate
Area: 110,567 mi2 (286,367 km2m), including 761 mi2 (1,971 km2) of inland water.
Elevation: Highest--Boundary Peak, 13,140 ft (4,005 m) above sea level. Lowest--470 ft (143 m) above sea level along the Colorado River in Clark County.
Record high temperature: 125 degrees F (52 degrees C) at Laughlin on June 29, 1994.
Record low temperature: –50 degrees F (–46 degrees C) at San Jacinto on Jan. 8, 1937.
Average July temperature: 73 degrees F (23 degrees C).
Average January temperature: 30 degrees F (–1 degree C).
Average yearly precipitation: 9 in (23 cm).
People
Population: 1,998,257.
Rank among the states: 35th.
Density: 18 per mi2 (7 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per sq. km).
Distribution: 92 percent urban, 8 percent rural.
Largest cities in Nevada: Las Vegas (478,434); Paradise (186,070); Reno (180,480); Henderson (175,381); Sunrise Manor (156,120); Spring Valley (117,390).
Economy
Chief products
Agriculture: beef cattle, hay, milk, sheep.
Manufacturing: concrete, electronics, fabricated metal products, food products, machinery, plastic products.
Mining: barite, diatomite, gold, silver.
Government
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 21; 4-year terms.
Assembly members: 42; 2-year terms.
Counties: 17.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 3.
Electoral votes: 5.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Nevada Commission on Tourism, 401 N. Carson Street, Carson City, NV 89701. The Web site at http://www.travelnevada.com also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Commission on Economic Development, 108 E. Proctor Street, Carson City, NV 89701-4240. The state's official Web site at http://www.state.nv.us also provides a gateway to much information on Nevada's economy, government, and history.