New Hampshire, one of the New England states of the United States. It is bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Quebec; on the east by Maine and the Atlantic Ocean; on the south by Massachusetts; and on the west by Vermont. Among the states New Hampshire ranks 46th in size with an area of 9,351 square miles (24,219 km 2).

New Hampshire'sNew Hampshire's state bird is the purple finch.
New Hampshire in brief
General information
Statehood: June 21, 1788, the ninth state.
State abbreviations: N.H. (traditional); NH (postal).
State capital: Concord, the capital since 1808. Other capitals were Portsmouth (1679-1774), Exeter (1775-1781), and several different towns between 1781 and 1808.
State motto: Live Free or Die.
Popular name: The Granite State.
State song: "Old New Hampshire." Words by John F. Holmes; music by Maurice Hoffmann.
Symbols of New Hampshire
State bird: Purple finch.
State flower: Purple lilac.
State tree: White birch.
State flag and seal: New Hampshire's state flag, adopted in 1909, bears the state seal on a blue background. A laurel wreath with nine stars shows that New Hampshire was the ninth state to approve the U.S. Constitution. The seal, adopted in 1931, displays the Revolutionary War frigate Raleigh, which was built in Portsmouth. The American flag of 1777 flies at the ship's stern. A granite boulder in the foreground symbolizes the state's rugged terrain and the character of its people.
Land and climate
Area: 9,283 mi2 (24,044 km2), including 314 mi2 (813 km2) of inland water.
Elevation: Highest--Mount Washington, 6,288 ft (1,917 m) above sea level. Lowest--sea level along the Atlantic coast.
Coastline: 18 mi (29 km).
Record high temperature: 106 °F (41 °C) at Nashua on July 4, 1911.
Record low temperature: –47 °F (–44 °C) at Mount Washington on Jan. 29, 1934.
Average July temperature: 68 °F (20 °C).
Average January temperature: 19 °F (–7 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 42 in (107 cm).
Population: 1,235,786.
Rank among the states: 41st.
Density: 133 per mi2 (51 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 59 percent urban, 41 percent rural.
Largest cities in New Hampshire: Manchester (107,006); Nashua (86,605); Concord (40,687); Derry (34,021); Rochester (28,461); Salem (28,112).
Chief products
Agriculture: beef cattle, milk, nursery and greenhouse products.
Manufacturing: computer and electronic products, fabricated metal products, machinery.
Mining: crushed stone, granite, sand and gravel.
State government
Governor: 2-year term.
State senators: 24; 2-year terms.
State representatives: 400; 2-year terms.
Counties: 10.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 2.
Electoral votes: 4.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: New Hampshire Division of Travel and Tourism Development, 172 Pembroke Road, P.O. Box 1856, Concord, NH 03302. The Web site at also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Department of Resources and Economic Development, 172 Pembroke Road, P.O. Box 1856, Concord, NH 03302. The state's official Web site at also provides a gateway to much information on New Hampshire's economy, government, and history.