New Mexico, one of the southwestern states of the United States. It is bordered by Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, and Mexico. New Mexico's northwest corner touches Utah at a point where Colorado and Arizona also meet. This is the only point in the United States common to four states.

New Mexico has a total area of 121,598 square miles (314,939 km 2). Except for slightly irregular boundaries in the northeast and southwest, the state is virtually rectangular in shape.

New Mexico'sNew Mexico's state bird is the roadrunner.
New Mexico in brief
General information
Statehood: Jan. 6, 1912, the 47th state.
State abbreviations: N. Mex. or N.M. (traditional); NM (postal).
State capital: Santa Fe, which was founded as the capital of the Spanish province of New Mexico in 1609 or 1610.
State motto: Crescit Eundo (It Grows as It Goes).
Popular name: The Land of Enchantment.
State song: "O, Fair New Mexico." Words and music by Elizabeth Garrett.
Symbols of New Mexico
State bird: Greater roadrunner.
State flower: Yucca flower.
State tree: Pinon, or nut pine.
State flag and seal: New Mexico's state flag, adopted in 1925, bears the ancient sun symbol of the Zia Pueblo Indians in red on a yellow background. These were the colors of Queen Isabella of Castile that the Spanish Conquistadors brought to the New World. On the state seal, adopted in 1913, a large eagle shielding a smaller eagle represents the annexation of New Mexico by the United States.
Land and climate
Area: 121,599 mi2 (314,939 km2), including 234 mi2 (605 km2) of inland water.
Elevation: Highest--Wheeler Peak, 13,161 ft (4,011 m) above sea level. Lowest--2,817 ft (859 m) above sea level at Red Bluff Reservoir in Eddy County.
Record high temperature: 122 degrees F (50 degrees C) at Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad on June 27, 1994.
Record low temperature: –50 °F (–46 °C) at Gavilan, near Lindrith, on Feb. 1, 1951.
Average July temperature: 74 °F (23 °C).
Average January temperature: 34 °F (1 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 13 in (33 cm).
Population: 1,819,046.
Rank among the states: 36th.
Density: 15 per mi2 (6 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 75 percent urban, 25 percent rural.
Largest cities in New Mexico: Albuquerque (448,607); Las Cruces (74,267); Santa Fe (62,203); Rio Rancho (51,765); Roswell (45,293); South Valley (39,060).
Chief products
Agriculture: beef cattle, hay, milk.
Manufacturing: chemicals, computer and electronic equipment, concrete, food products, transportation equipment.
Mining: coal, copper, natural gas, petroleum, potash.
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 42; 4-year terms.
State representatives: 70; 2-year terms.
Counties: 33.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 3.
Electoral votes: 5.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: New Mexico Department of Tourism, 491 Old Santa Fe Trail, Santa Fe, NM 87503. The web site at also provides tourist information.
The state's official Web site at also provides a gateway to much information on New Mexico's economy, government, and history.