Nome, Alaska, a city on the Seward Peninsula, 520 miles (840 km) west of Fairbanks. Nome is on the north shore of Norton Sound, an inlet of the Bering Sea. The city is a commercial and supply center for northwestern Alaska. Eskimo handicrafts are an important product.
Nome was founded in 1898 when gold was discovered nearby. The settlement became known as "Tent City" because thousands of miners were living in canvas tents. The population of Nome in 1900, the peak of the gold rush, was 20,000. By 1910 the gold rush had declined, and the population had dropped to 6,600. It had dropped to 852 by 1920. Nome has a predominantly Eskimo population.