Oregon, one of the Pacific Coast states of the United States. Few states rival Oregon for scenic beauty and variety. The coast, in particular, is known for its spectacular unspoiled scenery. Forested promontories, high cliffs, broad sandy beaches, rock-strewn shores, tide pools, and sand dunes are some of the many coastal features. Among the other scenic attractions are Crater Lake National Park and the lofty volcanic peaks of the Cascade Range. The state has an outstanding system of parks, which attract millions of visitors each year.

Oregon has an area of 98,386 square miles (254,819 km2), It is the nation's ninth largest state.

Oregon'sOregon's state bird is the western meadowlark.
Oregon in brief
General information
Statehood: Feb. 14, 1859, the 33rd state.
State abbreviations: Ore. or Oreg. (traditional); OR (postal).
State capital: Salem, the capital since statehood in 1859. Earlier capitals were Oregon City (1849-1851), Salem (1851-1859), and Corvallis (1855, for six months).
State motto: She Flies with Her Own Wings.
Popular name: The Beaver State.
State song: "Oregon, My Oregon." Words by J. A. Buchanan; music by Henry B. Murtagh.
Symbols of Oregon
State bird: Western meadowlark.
State flower: Oregon grape.
State tree: Douglas-fir.
State flag and seal: Oregon's state flag, adopted in 1925, bears elements of the state seal on a blue background. The seal, adopted in 1859, has 33 stars around a shield to show that Oregon was the 33rd state. The seal includes an ox-drawn wagon to symbolize the settling of the region by pioneers. The reverse side of Oregon's flag, not shown, has an illustration of a beaver, the state animal. Oregon is the only state whose flag has a different design on the reverse side.
Land and climate
Area: 97,052 mi2 (251,365 km2), including 1,050 mi2 (2,718 km2) of inland water but excluding 80 mi2 (207 km2) of coastal water.
Elevation: Highest--Mount Hood, 11,239 ft (3,426 m) above sea level. Lowest--sea level.
Coastline: 296 m. (476 km).
Record high temperature: 119 degrees F (48 degrees C) at Prineville on July 29, 1898, and at Pendleton on Aug. 10, 1898.
Record low temperature: –54 degrees F (–48 degrees C) at Ukiah on Feb. 9, 1933, and at Seneca on Feb. 10, 1933.
Average July temperature: 66 degrees F (19 degrees C).
Average January temperature: 32 degrees F (0 degrees C).
Average yearly precipitation: 28 in (71 cm).
People
Population: 3,421,399 (2000 census).
Rank among the states: 28th.
Density: 35 s per mi2 (14 per km2m), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 79 percent urban, 21 percent rural.
Largest cities in Oregon: Portland (529,121); Eugene (137,893); Salem (136,924); Gresham (90,205); Beaverton (76,129); Hillsboro (70,186).
Economy
Chief products
Agriculture: beef cattle, greenhouse and nursery products, hay, milk, timber, wheat.
Manufacturing: electronic equipment, food products, machinery, metal products, paper products, printed materials, transportation equipment, wood products.
Mining: crushed stone, sand and gravel.
Government
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 30; 4-year terms.
State representatives: 60; 2-year terms.
Counties: 36.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 5.
Electoral votes: 7.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Oregon Tourism Commission, 670 Hawthorne Avenue SE, Suite 240, Salem, OR 97301. The Web site at http://www.traveloregon.com also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Oregon Economic & Community Development Department, 775 Summer Street NE, Suite 200, Salem, OR 97301-1280. The Web site at http://econ.oregon.gov also provides information.
The state’s official Web site at http://www.oregon.gov also provides a gateway to much information on Oregon’s economy, government, and history.