Pasadena, California, a city in Los Angeles County. It lies in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains, 10 miles (16 km) northeast of downtown Los Angeles. Pasadena is primarily a residential community, with some light manufacturing. Products include electronic equipment, scientific instruments, ceramics, aircraft parts, drugs, and plastics.
Pasadena is famous as the site of the annual Tournament of Roses parade and Rose Bowl football game, held on New Year's Day. Other attractions include the Norton Simon Museum, with notable pieces by Raphael, Rubens, and Rembrandt, and the nearby Huntington Library and Art Gallery, which houses collections of rare books and 18th-century portraits. The California Institute of Technology (Caltech) is the city's leading educational institution. Mount Wilson Observatory, one of the world's leading astronomical research centers, is northeast of the city.
The city was settled in 1874 and was called the Indiana Colony. The name was changed to Pasadena (an Indian word for “Crown of the Valley") in 1875.