, Florida, the seat of Escambia County. It is in the western part of the state on Pensacola Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico. Pensacola is a manufacturing and transportation center and resort. Products include chemicals, synthetic fibers, paper and paper goods, and resins and turpentine. The city has a large commercial fishing fleet. The University of West Florida is here and Pensacola Naval Air Station is nearby.
Pensacola, called “City of Five Flags,” was settled in 1698. Spanish, French, and British controlled the city at various times, until it was ceded to the United States by Spain as part of West Florida in 1821. During the Civil War it was held alternately by Confederate and Union forces.