Plymouth, Massachusetts, the seat of Plymouth County. It is on Plymouth Bay, 34 miles (55 km) southeast of Boston. Principal industries are commercial fishing and the production of textiles, processed foods, hardware, and rope. The tourist trade is an important source of income.
Settled by the Pilgrims in 1620, Plymouth was the second permanent English settlement in the United States. Among numerous historic attractions are Plymouth Rock; Mayflower II, a replica of the original Pilgrim ship; several 17th- and 18th-century homes; and Cole's Hill and Burial Hill, containing Pilgrim graves. About two miles (3 km) south of the town is Plimoth Plantation, containing replicas of Pilgrim buildings.