Poughkeepsie, New York, the seat of Dutchess County. It is on the east bank of the Hudson River, 72 miles (116 km) north of New York City, and is connected by bridge with Highland, across the river. Poughkeepsie is the manufacturing and trade center for a farming and resort area. Business machines, dairy equipment, and ball bearings are produced. Printing and research in electronics are important industries here. Poughkeepsie is the seat of Vassar College.
Historic sites include the Governor George Clinton House, built about 1765, and the Bardavon Opera House (1869), renovated as a performing-arts center. At Hyde Park, about five miles (8 km) north of Poughkeepsie, are the Franklin Delano Roosevelt home and the Vanderbilt mansion, both national historic sites.
Poughkeepsie was settled by the Dutch in 1687. The name is from Indian words meaning “campsite.” It was the temporary state capital from 1777 to 1784. The state delegation ratified the United States Constitution here in 1788. Poughkeepsie was chartered as a city in 1854.