Richmond, California, a city in Contra Costa County, about 10 miles (16 km) northeast of San Francisco. Richmond is on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay. The city's long deepwater frontage has made it one of California's most important commercial ports. It has food-processing plants and large oil refineries and produces heating and plumbing fixtures, airplane instruments, and chemicals. Richmond is linked with San Francisco and other nearby cities by highway bridges and the Bay Area Rapid Transit railway system.
Richmond was founded when railways came to the area in 1899. It was incorporated as a city in 1905 and the council-manager form of government was adopted in 1920. Richmond experienced a large increase in population during World War II, when several shipyards were established here.