Rockford, Illinois, the seat of Winnebago County. It is on the Rock River, 80 miles (129 km) northwest of Chicago and 15 miles (24 km) south of the Wisconsin border. Rockford is an industrial city and commercial center. Machine tools, hardware, castings, and other metal products are produced here. Power developed from the Rock River aided the city's industrial growth.
Rockford College, opened in 1851, is here. Other institutions include the New American Theater Company, Rockford Symphony Orchestra, and the Coronado Theater. There are several Indian mounds in Beattie Park. Anderson Japanese Gardens and Sinnissippi Park are also here.
Rockford was settled in 1834, incorporated as a town in 1839, and chartered as a city in 1853. A number of Swedish families came here in the 1850's and established a furniture industry that flourished for many years.