San Rafael, California, the seat of Marin County. It is on San Francisco Bay and is 13 miles (21 km) north of downtown San Francisco. San Rafael is primarily a residential community, with some light manufacturing. The Richmond-San Rafael Bridge spans the bay and links the city with Richmond. The city grew up around the Mission San Rafael Arcangel, founded in 1817, and was incorporated in 1874.

Population: 56,063.