Sitka, Alaska, a town on Baranof Island in the Panhandle, in the southeastern part of the state. Commercial shipping reaches Sitka by way of an arm of the Inside Passage, Alaska's coastal shipping route. Tourism and fishing are the mainstays of the economy. Nearby is Sitka National Historical Park, site of the Tlingit Indians' last stand against Russian settlers in 1804.
Sitka, the oldest town in Alaska after Kodiak, was founded in 1799 by Aleksandr Baranov as an outpost of the Russian-American Fur Company. In 1804 it was made Alaska's capital. The formal transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States took place here in 1867, and the town remained the capital until 1900. Few buildings of the Russian era still stand.