Staten Island, New York, a borough of New York City. It is situated in New York Bay five miles (8 km) southwest of Manhattan and consists of Staten Island proper and a few tiny adjacent islands. The borough's boundaries are the same as those of Richmond County; until 1975, the borough's official name was Richmond. Staten Island covers an area of about 61 square miles (158 km2).
Staten Island is the most lightly settled of New York's five boroughs, and its residents are scattered among small communities separated by wooded hills, farmland, and parks. The rural aspect of many areas contrasts sharply with the crowds and traffic found elsewhere in New York City. Several bridges provide links to New Jersey; the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge connects Staten Island and Brooklyn. Thousands of workers commute daily to Manhattan on the famous Staten Island Ferry.
The early Dutch called the island Staaten Eylandt (States Island) in honor of the States-General, the ruling government body at that time in the Netherlands. Later, the British named it for the Duke of Richmond. On the site of one of the early settlements is the Richmondtown project, where original buildings from the 17th through the 19th century have been restored. Staten Island became part of New York City in 1898. The borough's name was changed from Richmond to Staten Island to reflect common usage.