Stockton, California, the seat of San Joaquin County. It lies on the San Joaquin River in the Central Valley, about 60 miles (97 km) east of San Francisco. Stockton is the processing and shipping center for a rich farming area that produces tomatoes and other vegetables, fruits, walnuts, and livestock products. Industries include food processing and the manufacturing of lumber products and electronic items. Major highways, several railways, and an airport serve the city. The Port of Stockton, which handles mainly bulk cargoes, is a deepwater facility linked with San Francisco Bay by a ship channel.
Attractions in Stockton include the Haggin Museum, which is devoted to history and art, and the Magnolia Historical District, which has several 19th-century Victorian homes. Micke Grove Park and Zoo has rose, camellia, and Japanese gardens. The Faye Spanos Concert Hall is the home of the Stockton Opera. The University of the Pacific, founded in 1851, is in the city.
Stockton was founded as Tuleburg in 1847. With the discovery of gold the next year, it became a supply center for miners. The city was renamed in 1849 and was incorporated in 1850. As the gold diminished, Stockton turned to agriculture, becoming a thriving trade center on the Central Pacific Railway. The Stockton area was one of the first in which mechanized farming equipment, such as combines, was used. The city grew steadily during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A period of rapid development followed completion of the port in the 1930's.