Terre Haute, Indiana, the seat of Vigo County. Terre Haute (the name is French for “high land”) is on the east bank of the Wabash River, about 70 miles (113 km) southwest of Indianapolis. It is a commercial and industrial center in an agricultural and coal-mining area. Manufactured goods include processed foods, chemicals, plastics, metal products, and paper and cardboard containers.

At Terre Haute are Indiana State University and Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology. The city has an art gallery, a historical museum, and a community theater.

The first settlement on the site of Terre Haute was Fort Harrison, a military post established in 1811. Terre Haute was laid out and incorporated as a town in 1816. The novelist Theodore Dreiser, his brother the composer Paul Dresser, and the Socialist leader Eugene V. Debs were born here.

Terre Haute has the mayor-council form of government.

Population: 59,614.