Utah, one of the western states of the United States. It covers 84,904 square miles (219,902 km2) and borders Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, and Wyoming. Utah is a state of diverse physical features, with snowcapped mountains, high plateaus, deep canyons, verdant valleys, salt lakes, and deserts. More than two-thirds of Utah is public land owned by the federal government.

Utah is closely associated with the Mormon Church. Mormons began settling there in the late 1840's, seeking freedom to practice their religion. Ever since, they have been the largest, most powerful group in the state.

Utah'sUtah's state bird is the California sea gull.
Utah in brief
General information
Statehood: Jan. 4, 1896, the 45th state.
State abbreviations: Ut. (traditional); UT (postal).
State capital: Salt Lake City, Utah's capital since 1856. Fillmore served as capital from 1851 to 1856.
State motto: Industry.
Popular name: The Beehive State.
State song: “Utah, This Is the Place." Words by Sam and Gary Francis; music by Gary Francis.
Symbols of Utah
State bird: Sea gull.
State flower: Sego lily.
State tree: Blue spruce.
State flag and seal: Utah's state flag, at left, adopted in 1913, bears the state seal on a blue background. The state seal, at right, adopted in 1896, has a beehive on the shield that stands for hard work and industry. The date 1847 in the center of the seal, stands for the year the Mormons came to Utah. A bald eagle, the United States national bird, perches atop the shield. A United States flag appears on each side.
Land and climate
Area: 84,905 mi2 (219,902 km2), including 2,736 mi2 (7,086 km2) of inland water.
Elevation: Highest--Kings Peak, 13,528 ft (4,123 m) above sea level. Lowest--Beaverdam Creek in Washington County, 2,000 ft (610 m) above sea level.
Record high temperature: 117 °F (47 °C) at St. George on July 5, 1985.
Record low temperature: –69 °F (–56 °C) at Peter's Sink on Feb. 1, 1985.
Average July temperature: 73 °F (23 °C).
Average January temperature: 25 °F (–4 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 12 in (30 cm).
People
Population: 2,233,169.
Rank among the states: 34th.
Density: 26 per mi2 (10 per km2), U.S. average 78 per mi2 (30 per km2).
Distribution: 88 percent urban, 12 percent rural.
Largest cities in Utah: Salt Lake City (181,743); West Valley City (108,896); Provo (105,166); Sandy (88,418); Orem (84,324); Ogden (77,226).
Economy
Chief products
Agriculture: beef cattle, milk, hay, hogs, wheat.
Manufacturing: computer and electronic products, processed food and beverages, transportation equipment.
Mining: copper, natural gas, petroleum.
Government
State government
Governor: 4-year term.
State senators: 29; 4-year terms.
State representatives: 75; 2-year terms.
Counties: 29.
Federal government
United States senators: 2.
United States representatives: 3.
Electoral votes: 5.
Sources of information
For information about tourism, write to: Utah Travel Council, Council Hall/Capitol Hill, Salt Lake City, UT 84114. The Web site at http://www.utah.com also provides information.
For information on the economy, write to: Governor’s Office of Economic Development, 324 S. State Street, Suite 500, Salt Lake City, UT 84111.
The state's official Web site at http://www.utah.gov also provides a gateway to much information on Utah’s economy, government, and history.