Wichita Falls, Texas, the seat of Wichita County. The city is on the Wichita River, 105 miles (169 km) northwest of Fort Worth. Wichita Falls is the commercial and transportation center for a region producing oil, wheat, and cattle. Oil refining is a major industry, and machinery, food products, and clothing are manufactured here. Wichita Falls is the seat of Midwestern State University, and Sheppard Air Force Base is nearby.
Wichita Falls was settled in the 1870's and incorporated in 1889. The city grew as a cattle-shipping center after the railways came in 1882. A boom followed discovery of oil in the county in 1918. Agriculture developed in the area when irrigation projects were completed in the 1920's.