Kodiak Island, a large mountainous island off the southern coast of Alaska. The largest city on the island is also called Kodiak. The island is about 100 miles (160 km) long and up to 50 miles (80 km) wide, with a total area of 3,588 square miles (9,293 km2). The chief occupations are fishing and fish processing. The island's port is usually among the top three fishing ports in the United States. Kodiak Island is the home of the Kodiak bear, the world's largest flesh-eating animal that dwells on land.
The first Russian colony in America was founded on Kodiak Island in 1784. It was the headquarters of the Russian-American Trading Company until 1804. The population of the island was 13,913 in 2000, with almost half of the people living in the city of Kodiak.